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FAQs Scanner

1. Why is the BioPhotonic Scanner unique?

The BioPhotonic Scanner technology is the first application of biophotonic technology in the nutritional field and is only available through Pharmanex. Pharmanex has acquired global exclusive rights to apply this patented technology to dietary supplement markets and that means that no other company will be able to use this technology for the next 18 years. Biophotonic measurement will become the assessment tool of the future and Pharmanex representatives have the privilege to be among the first to use this extraordinary technology. The BioPhotonic Scanner offers our customers verifiable proof that LifePak™ and other Pharmanex products are truly making a difference in their overall health and well being.

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2. How does the BioPhotonic Scanner work?

BioPhonotic technology is a new advancement in laser technology and is made possible by applying optics concepts to the investigation of living human tissues. In the Biophotonic scanner we use the fact that essentially, each species of molecules in the body can generate a different set of colors of light when stimulated with a laser beam. Therefore this color spectrum is a unique optical fingerprint of a particular molecule species. The instrument uses a blue laser with a wavelength of 473 nm. When this laser hits a carotenoid molecule, a unique fingerprint spectrum with a prominent peak at 510 nm is generated by the carotenoid molecules. The green light is emitted out of the skin and captured by a highly sensitive light detector. A computer analyzes the amount of this green light and produces a numeric reading called the Skin Caratanoid Score

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3. What does the BioPhotonic Scanner measure?

The BioPhotonic Scanner measures the level of carotenoid antioxidants in the skin. The level of skin carotenoids is a good reflection of carotenoids in the body, which in turn is an important indicator of the strength of your body’s antioxidant defense system.

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4. How did the BioPhotonic Scanner come about?

The scanner was developed by Dr. Werner Gellermann from the University of Utah, Department of Physics, and several collaborators from the University’s School of Medicine. Initially Dr. Gellermann and his research group set out to find a way to measure the level of carotenoids in the eyes of people with age-related macular degeneration. Studies show that people with age-related macular degeneration have much lower levels of carotenoids in their eyes, and therefore it was necessary to develop an early-age screening test. Using Raman technology Dr. Gellermann and his team developed an instrument that projected laser light on the back of the eye and reflected back to a detector measuring carotenoid content in the retina. They then applied the same Raman technology to measure carotenoid antioxidant levels in skin tissues.

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5. Are there scientific studies validating the BioPhotonic Scanner?

In accordance with the Pharmanex 6S process, the BioScan technology is substantiated with both independent and Pharmanex sponsored research. Scientific reviews of the technology and application to measure skin carotenoids were published by Hata et al. (J. Invest. Dermatology 155:441-448, 2000) and Gellermann et al.(Optics Letters 26:1179-1181, 2001). Furthermore, a good article describing the technology in layman’s terms has been published by Gellermann et al. in the September 2002 issue of the journal Cosmetic Dermatology. Pharmanex performed an in-house study with 1,375 subjects, showing that the Skin Caratanoid Score correlates well with LifePak usage and fruit and vegetable consumption. Another in-house study showed that LifePak™ supplementation leads to dramatic increases in the Skin Caratanoid Score within 4 weeks with further increases at 8 and 12 weeks. More clinical studies are being conducted that will result in scientific publications. With the ability to scan thousands of people easily and safely, Pharmanex will be able to obtain valuable data about fruit and vegetable consumption, assess overall antioxidant nutrition and make advancements in such areas as skin and antioxidant health.

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6. How did Pharmanex come up with the number ranges that indicate the Body Defense Index™?

The number ranges are based on research involving the scanning of 1375 people. The scanning resulted in carotenoid levels ranging from a low of 1500 to a very high 73,000. The mean average was 19,000. Subjects in the study who reported eating a recommended diet of six or more fruits and vegetables per day, and/or using supplements, measured 25,000 and above. This study suggests that readings of 25,000 or above provide healthy levels of antioxidants

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7. Why is it important to know the level of carotenoids in your body?

There are many different kinds of antioxidants but carotenoids are important because they are some of the more potent antioxidants around, protecting our cells from the damaging effects of free radicals. Higher levels of antioxidants in the body may indicate a higher level of cellular protection. The carotenoids are an important part of the body’s antioxidant network, and their tissue (skin) levels are an important indicator of the overall strength of the body’s antioxidant defense system.

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8. Why is it important to know the level of carotenoids in your body?

There are many different kinds of antioxidants but carotenoids are important because they are some of the more potent antioxidants around, protecting our cells from the damaging effects of free radicals. Higher levels of antioxidants in the body may indicate a higher level of cellular protection. The carotenoids are an important part of the body’s antioxidant network, and their tissue (skin) levels are an important indicator of the overall strength of the body’s antioxidant defense system.

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9. How did Pharmanex come up with the number ranges that indicate the Body Defense Index™?

The number ranges are based on research involving the scanning of 1375 people. The scanning resulted in carotenoid levels ranging from a low of 1500 to a very high 73,000. The mean average was 19,000. Subjects in the study who reported eating a recommended diet of six or more fruits and vegetables per day, and/or using supplements, measured 25,000 and above. This study suggests that readings of 25,000 or above provide healthy levels of antioxidants

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10. Why is it important to know the level of carotenoids in your body?

There are many different kinds of antioxidants but carotenoids are important because they are some of the more potent antioxidants around, protecting our cells from the damaging effects of free radicals. Higher levels of antioxidants in the body may indicate a higher level of cellular protection. The carotenoids are an important part of the body’s antioxidant network, and their tissue (skin) levels are an important indicator of the overall strength of the body’s antioxidant defense system.

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11. Since the Skin Caratanoid Score reflects only skin carotenoids, how good is it to assess my overall antioxidant defense?

The carotenoids are an important part of the body’s antioxidant network, and their tissue (skin) levels are an important indicator of the overall strength of the body’s antioxidant defense system. As a member of an important network, it is likely that carotenoids levels will be in balance with other components of the antioxidant defense system. As with all health tests, the biophotonically measured Skin Caratanoid Score is one of several possible indicators of your health. The antioxidant defense system can be measured by various tests: skin carotenoids, serum ORAC, serum antioxidant levels, urinary MDA, breathe pentane, serum 8-OHdG, serum lipid peroxides, etc. Based on the data we have obtained so far about the BioPhotonic Scanner, the Skin Caratanoid Score measurement correlates well with other antioxidant status tests, has the site-of-action advantage, and is by far the least invasive and most convenient test around

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12. How reliable is the Scanner?

It compares favorably to the relative standard deviation of 5-10%.

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13. Why do my scan scores range from 43000 to 53000?

Pharmanex has learned through their extensive research behind the Scanner technology, that 90% of the population have a scan score between 10,000-25,000. Because of this research, Pharmanex has focused the accuracy of the Scanner's results on scan scores between 10,000-25,000. This means if your score is between 10,000-25,000 the variation between multiple scans will be less then the variation between scans if your score is over 35,000. People scoring over 35,000 can have a variation greater than + or - 3000

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13. What is the antioxidant defense system?

In the body, a comprehensive network of antioxidants works together in synergy to afford effective protection from free radical damage. This is known as the antioxidant defense system. The antioxidant defense system consists of both intrinsic and extrinsic antioxidants. Intrinsic antioxidants are made in the body, often from nutrients we obtain in our diet. The antioxidant enzymes (SOD, GPX, catalase, etc.), L-glutathione and coenzyme Q10 are important intrinsic antioxidants. Extrinsic antioxidants can not be made by our body and so must be obtained from our diet. Examples of extrinsic antioxidants include vitamins E & C, alpha-lipoic acid, carotenoids and flavonoids. To promote an optimal antioxidant defense system, it is important to include all of these nutrients in the diet. LifePak™ is a comprehensive dietary supplement to help you achieve an optimal antioxidant defense system.

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14. What are the factors that contribute to my Skin Carotenoid Score?

There are several variables that factor into your Skin Carotanoid Score, such as your genetic ability to absorb carotenoids, your diet (generally fresh fruits and vegetables contain the highest level of nutrients), antioxidant supplements, medications, smoking, sun exposure and your environment. People will absorb carotenoids from foods, and LifePak™, differently. When taking LifePak, you need to make sure to take it with meals, because the fats from food are necessary to absorb LifePak’s carotenoids and the fat-soluble vitamins. People who take LifePak in between meals or with fat-free meals will not get the full benefits of LifePak. If you would like to increase your Skin Carotenoid Score, determine what factors you are able to control and make the change!

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15. What does my Skin Carotenoid Score mean?

Your Skin Carotenoid Score is an immediate numeric reading of your own skin carotenoid content and an important indicator of the overall strength of your body’s antioxidant defense system. As you continue to participate in the LifePak supplementation program, you can track your Skin Carotenoid Score for evidence of improved antioxidant activity and protection. Knowing your Skin Carotenoid Score empowers you with a personalized assessment that can be used to develop an antioxidant defense strategy.

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16. Why are carotenoids found in our skin and why is the palm of our hand the site of action?

Carotenoids are absorbed with the aid of dietary fat. Thus they are found predominately in the “fatty” areas of the body, including your skin. Carotenoids help protect our skin from free radical damage caused by ultraviolet light radiation and other processes. The fatty tissue in our palm is a prime area for testing because it is easily accessible, has a relatively high carotenoid content due to the higher amount of fatty tissue, and there is a minimal difference in skin pigmentation between subjects in this tissue area.

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17. My Skin Carotenoid Score is different from my last scan, why does it vary?

It is normal to have slight variations in the Skin Carotenoid Score due to several factors. First, the instrument’s measuring variability is accurate within +/- 3000, causing a small variability between repeated measurements. Second, skin carotenoids vary slightly depending on the exact location that is being scanned on the palm of the hand. Lastly, dietary changes, dietary supplementation, sun exposure, and smoking causes more long-term changes in skin carotenoids that can result in a different score.

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18. How else are carotenoids measured?

Carotenoids are typically measured by invasive techniques requiring blood samples or urine tests. These tests are expensive and may take weeks before you receive your results. Also, these tests may only reflect what was recently consumed, i.e. the previous meal. The BioPhotonic Scanner is a great way to measure your carotenoid level safely and non-invasively. The ability to assess our nutrition levels in this unique way will open up a world of opportunity for Pharmanex

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19. Is there anyone who should not use the BioPhotonic Scanner?

No. The BioPhotonic Scanner is a safe and non-invasive technology. We encourage everyone to know his or her Skin Caratenoid Score. The BioPhotonic Scanner™ is safe for all ages.

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20. Are there any side effects from using the BioPhotonic Scanner?

There are no side effects or potential health risks when properly using the scanner. The BioPhotonic Scanner uses a well-researched low-energy laser and is exposed to only a dime-sized portion of your body for less than 30 seconds

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21. How can I get a scanner?

You need to be an Executive with the company through a qualification process.

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22. Is a certificate required to scan someone?

Yes, the software will not allow access to the scanning portion of the software without verifying a valid certificate

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23. Is Pharmanex using the scanner to simply sell more supplements?

The scanner is used to help people track their antioxidant health. Pharmanex encourages scanner participants to eat a balanced diet including fruits and vegetables. Most people find it difficult to eat the recommended daily servings of fruits and vegetables. When an individual does not consume enough antioxidants from his/her diet, a supplement may be needed to ensure optimal antioxidant health. If a person chooses to use a dietary supplement, we hope that they would choose our LifePak™ product, which contains a potent mix of antioxidants and other vitamins and minerals.

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24. I already take a multivitamin, why should I switch to LifePak™?

First, most multivitamins do not provide the right types and amounts of carotenoids. LifePak™ contains a full 15 mg of the most important dietary carotenoids that are found in healthy diets with 5 to 10 servings of fruits and vegetables, as recommended by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Second, even if you get the right types and amounts of carotenoids, you still need all the other antioxidant nutrients to support your antioxidant defense system in optimal ways. LifePak™ is a comprehensive nutritional wellness program, containing the complete spectrum of anti-aging nutrients that targets and inhibits free radical damage throughout the body. Carotenoids are only one class of antioxidants that are essential for cell protection. Other antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E, mineral cofactors like selenium and zinc, alpha-lipoic acid and flavonoids are all necessary to provide antioxidant benefits. LifePak's™ full-spectrum formula provides a comprehensive range of antioxidants to fortify your body’s antioxidant defense system.

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25. Why do you have to take LifePak twice daily?

The LifePak Family products are comprehensive multivitamin/mineral/phytonutrient supplements that contain a potent blend of nutrients. It should be taken twice daily to provide your body with optimal saturation and absorption of vitamins and minerals. Twice daily intake will also provide 24 hour antioxidant protection.

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26. Is it possible to get too many vitamins and minerals?

The body is a wonderful machine. It will use the amount of nutrients it needs and discard the rest. None of the ingredients in LifePak are near toxic levels. Taking the recommneded dosage will be safe for healthy adults. If a person has a medical concern regarding the use of vitamins and minerals, it would be best for them to discuss the use of dietary supplements with their doctor.

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27. Is the amount of Vitamin E in LifePak safe?

There is absolutely NO clinical evidence suggesting negative effects associated with the level of vitamin E contained in LifePak. The amount of vitamin E in LifePak is based on numerous studies and is well within a conservative, safe range. The National Institutes of Health stated the following on their web site: \'What is the health risk of too much vitamin E? The health risk of too much vitamin E is low (23). A recent review of the safety of vitamin E in the elderly indicated that taking vitamin E supplements for up to four months at doses of 530 mg or 800 IU (35 times the current RDA) had no significant effect on general health, body weight, levels of body proteins, lipid levels, liver or kidney function, thyroid hormones, amount or kinds of blood cells, and bleeding time (24). Even though this study provides evidence that taking a vitamin E supplement containing 530 mg or 800 IU for four months is safe, the long term safety of vitamin E supplementation has not been tested. The Institute of Medicine has set an upper tolerable intake level for vitamin E at 1,000 mg (1,500 IU) for any form of supplementary alpha-tocopherol per day because the nutrient can act as an anticoagulant and increase the risk of bleeding problems. Upper tolerable intake levels \'represent the maximum intake of a nutrient that is likely to pose no risk of adverse health effects in almost all individuals in the general population\' (5).\'

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